Chapters:
1: Introduction
2: Simple example
3: Invocation
4: Finer Control
5: X-Y Plots
6: Contour Plots
7: Image Plots
8: Examples
9: Gri Commands
10: Programming
11: Environment
12: Emacs Mode
13: History
14: Installation
15: Gri Bugs
16: Test Suite
17: Gri in Press
18: Acknowledgments

Indices:
Concepts
Commands
Variables

### 9.3.45: ``smooth`'

All these smoothing commands ignore the location of the data. For equispaced data these algorithms have the standard interpretation in terms of digital filters. For non-equispaced data, the interpretation is up to the user.

 ``` `smooth {x [.n.]} \ | {y [.n.]} \ | {grid data [.f.|{along x|y}]}' ```

The ``smooth x`' command does smoothing by the following formula

 ``` x[i-1] x[i] x[i+1] ------ + ---- + ------ 4 2 4 ```

The ``smooth x .n.`' command does boxcar smoothing with centred boxcars ``.n.`' points wide. The ``smooth y`' command does the same as ``smooth x`', but on the ``y`' column.

There are several methods of smoothing grid data. Note that isolated missing values are filled in by each method. (Let the author know if you'd like that `feature' to be an option.)

The ``smooth grid data`' command smooths gridded data, by weighted average in a plus-shaped window about each gridpoint. The smoothing algorithm replaces each interior gridpoint value ``z[i][j]`' by

 ``` z[i][j] z[i-1][j] + z[i+1][j] + z[i][j-1] + z[i][j+1] ------- + --------------------------------------------- 2 8 ```

Points along the edges are smoothed by the same formula, after inventing image points outside the domain by planar extrapolation.

The ``smooth grid data .f.`' command performs partial smoothing. A temporary fully-smoothed grid ``zSMOOTH[i][h]`' is constructed as above, and a linear combination of this grid and the original grid is used as the replacement grid:

 ``` z[i][j] = (1-f) * z[i][j] + f * zSMOOTH[i][j] ```

where ``f`' is the value indicated on the command line. Thus, ``smooth grid data 0`' performs no smoothing at all, while ``smooth grid data 1`' is equivalent to ``smooth grid data`'.

The ``smooth grid data along x`' command smooths the grid data across ``x`' (i.e., horizontally), by replacing each value ``z[i][j]`' with the value

 ``` z[i][j] z[i-1][j] + z[i+1][j] ------- + --------------------- 2 4 ```

Points along the edges are smoothed by the same formula, after inventing image points outside the domain by linear extrapolation.

The ``smooth grid data along y`' command does the same thing as ``smooth grid data along x`', but the smoothing is along ``y`'.

See also see Filter, a generalization of ``smooth x|y`' which allows for more sophisticated filters.